With a mission as sensitive as protecting children, it makes sense that New York’s Office of Children and Family Services has adopted mobile data encryption software.
“We understand that encrypting our data at rest is not only a best practice but a requirement, given the potential risk,” says William Travis Jr., CIO of the OCFS. “For citizens to call in to report a child abuse allegation, they have to have confidence that we are safeguarding their information.”
Each of the approximately 5,000 notebooks used by the agency’s child protective investigators, foster care workers and child care facility inspectors is outfitted with McAfee Endpoint Protection, which encrypts data on the hard drives. The department standardized on McAfee in 2010 as part of an enterprise mobility effort.
Protecting sensitive data is one of the main reasons that organizations implement endpoint encryption, says Eric Ogren, CEO of the Ogren Group.
“If you’re going to implement an endpoint encryption solution, look for a product that is transparent to the user, impossible for individual users to disable, and doesn’t frustrate users who need quick access to data,” he advises.
Indiana has enforced full-disk encryption on its nearly 10,000 state-issued notebooks and tablets since about 2007. The reason, says Paul Baltzell, deputy CIO for delivery services, is to ensure that sensitive data is protected even when employees take units home or on business travel.
“We felt it was safest to encrypt everything across the board of the executive branch to protect all sensitive information,” Baltzell says.
The state’s IT department loads McAfee Endpoint Protection onto units before distributing them to employees. When the program is loaded, the software essentially takes over the boot sector of the drive, so when it boots up, users must authenticate to McAfee as well as to Windows.
The percentage of organizations that have lost data during the past 12 months as a result of the use of insecure mobile devices
SOURCE: “Global Study on Mobility Risks” (Ponemon Institute, 2012)
Although the full-disk encryption has been a success, it can take a toll on the speed of the machines. To remedy the issue, new units have Intel Core i5 processors, which have encryption instructions directly on the chip.
As mobile devices become more popular, Baltzell is taking a look at encryption on smartphones and tablets. He is evaluating products from several vendors, including MobileIron, Absolute Software and McAfee.
OCFS’ Travis also is looking at smartphone and tablet encryption. The office already has begun issuing Apple iPads to some of its employees and also is in the process of implementing a bring your own device (BYOD) strategy that will allow employees to use their own smartphones and tablets on the job. Every iOS device has a dedicated AES-256 crypto engine built between the flash storage and main system memory, which improves the efficiency of encryption on the device. Users who work with their own smartphones and tablets can access applications and e-mail via a secure URL, work directly in the application, and will not be able to store work data on their devices.
An Encryption Alternative
While the standard method of encrypting data stored on disks is to install an add-on product to do the job, another alternative is growing in popularity. Self-encrypting drives are designed to encrypt all data stored on a drive, within the disk drive controller. The user specifies a password, which is used to encrypt or decrypt the media encryption key. Encryption is transparent to users, who cannot turn it off.
“Self-encrypting drives have proved popular for primary storage of confidential data,” says Eric Ogren of the Ogren Group. “With keys securely stored on the notebook, the IT department can manage the keys. That means that IT can recover data if an employee leaves, or if the disk is archived for a long time.”
Many hard drive manufacturers offer self-encrypting drives, including Seagate, Micron, Fujitsu and Hitachi Data Systems. Many notebook and desktop vendors also offer self-encrypting drives among their products, including HP’s Elite and Pro lines of notebooks and desktops and Lenovo’s ThinkPad line.
So why don’t all agencies request self-encrypting technology? A self-encrypting drive can add a small amount to the price of a computer, and organizations often don’t do a cost-benefit analysis to realize its worth.
“It’s a strategic decision for IT,” Ogren says. “It is easier to purchase a new device with self-encrypting drives than to retrofit already-deployed devices.”